Learn more about TNR
Whether you're interested in caring for a colony of cats in your backyard, organizing a city-wide TNR program or starting a Return to Field program at your shelter, a wealth of materials is available to show you how.
- Books & Guides
Neighborhood Cats TNR Handbook: The Guide to Trap-Neuter-Return for the Feral Cat Caretaker, 2d ed (Neighborhood Cats, 2013)
An A to Z guide are all things TNR for a colony caretaker, including trapping, feeding, winter shelter, neighbor relations, veterinary care and more specialized topics like trapping hard-to-catch cats, what to do with nursing mothers and kittens and caring for cats in traps. "The hands-on expertise of Neighborhood Cats' staff, as well as the group's involvement with caretakers around the world, makes this the most comprehensive and up-to-the-minute resource for educating caretakers on all aspects of colony management." (Animal Sheltering magazine, Sept/Oct 2013.) Available for free download. Also available in a higher resolution print version.
Return-to-Field Handbook (The Humane Society of the United States, 2019)
Return-to-Field, also known as RTF, SNR (Shelter-Neuter-Return) or Feral Freedom, is increasingly popular with shelters looking for alternatives to cat euthanasia. With RTF, healthy community cats are fixed, vaccinated and returned to their original locations. This handbook, co-authored by Susan Richmond and Bryan Kortis of Neighborhood Cats, Karen Little of Alley Cat Advocates and Danielle Bays of the Humane Society of the United States, offers a practical how-to guide for implementing a RTF program. Everything is covered from gathering info from the person who brings a cat in, assessing eligibility for the program, staffing, where to house the cats, veterinary care, doing the return itself, and much more. Available for free download or purchase a print copy.
Community TNR: Tactics and Tools by Bryan Kortis (PetSmart Charities, 2014)
Bryan Kortis, co-founder and current National Programs Director for Neighborhood Cats, wrote this book after overseeing millions of dollars of grants for TNR programs on behalf of PetSmart Charites. "Kortis now offers a blueprint of how to most effectively use TNR and return-to-field programs to reduce cat overpopulation in the shelter and community." (Animal Sheltering magazine, Sept/Oct 2014). In addition to Return to Field, the book covers targeted TNR and grassroots mobilization, offering cases studies to illustrate the approaches. Winner of the Muse Medallion for Best in Category (Books - Other) in the Cat Writers Association's 2014 annual contest. Available in print for purchase through Amazon.
Managing Community Cats: A Guide for Municipal Leaders (The Humane Society of the United States, 2014)
Endorsed by the International City/County Management Association, this guide is designed to help communities find long-lasting, nonlethal solutions to conflicts involving community (feral and stray) cats. The history and effectiveness behind different approaches, including TNR, are examined as well as the policies behind them. Easy to read and follow, the guide is useful for government officials looking to learn more about progressive solutions and TNR advocates attempting to educate local municipal leaders. Available for purchase in print or free download.
Pets for Life Community Outreach Toolkit (The Humane Society of the United States)
The HSUS has pioneered spay/neuter outreach in economically disadvantaged communities where cat and dog overpopulation is often high, including community cats. This toolkit is a must-read for anyone working in low income areas. It contains a wealth of practical ideas and tips for connecting with the community, including how to approach and talk to people, what kind of events to hold, building coalitions, approaching faith-based leaders and organizations and much more. One chapter is devoted to cats and TNR. You can download the complete toolkit, download individual chapters or purchase a print copy.
Fairminded Fran and the three small black Community Cats by Linda Elder, illustrations by Kathy Abney, (Foundation for Critical Thinking, 2012)
This book speaks directly to children about feral cats, why they matter and how to help them. Written by Dr. Linda Elder, a noted educational psychologist. "Fairminded Fran is a wonderful book for all cat lovers. It is great for the classroom and at home. Not much has been written for kids about feral cats, making Fairminded Fran a one-of-a-kind book.... Children as young as second grade will understand this story when read to them. It will also spark some great conversations. Isn't that what a good book should do?" (Kid Lit Reviews, March 12, 2013). Available for purchase in paperback.
How many cats are there?
Read a white paper authored by Bryan Kortis which describes research on cat demographics and suggests formulas to aid in calculating owned and free-roaming cat populations.
- Online course
Trap-Neuter-Return: How to Manage a Community Cat Colony (Humane Society Academy, 2016)
Brought to you by the experts from Neighborhood Cats and The Humane Society of the United States, this self-paced course is geared towards caretakers and folks new to the world of humane community cat management. Through Humane Society Academy's multimedia platform, you can transform your knowledge of TNR from zero to hero at your own pace and in your own home!
How to Perform a Mass Trapping (Neighborhood Cats, 2005)
This 32 minute video provides a step by step guide to mass trapping - the TNR of an entire colony of feral and stray cats at once. Pioneered by Neighborhood Cats, mass trapping resolves difficult situations quickly and in the end saves time, effort and resources. Learn how to set up a feeding pattern, arrange a holding space, trap many cats at the same time, care for captured cats in their traps and more. Winner of the Muse Medallion for Best in Category (Video) in the Cat Writers Association's 2005 annual contest. View online or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org to purchase a DVD copy for $9.95, including shipping.
Trap-Neuter-Return: Fixing Feral Cat Overpopulation (The Humane Society of the United States, 2007)
Need to persuade local officials in a short period of time to support TNR? This 16 minute video is designed to quickly educate policymakers about the issues surrounding feral cat overpopulation and explain why TNR is the most effective and practical solution. The examples of TNR success stories are a bit dated (a lot has happened since 2007!) but the video's discussion of policy issues still applies today. Winner of a Muse Medallion for Best in Category in the Cat Writers Association's 2008 contest. View online.